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Nepali Calendar


Bikram Sambat is the Nepali Calendar of Nepal.Bikram Sambat is the solar calendar. Bikram Sambat is about 57 years ahead than Gregorian Calendar (AD). Nepali Calendar starts from in the month of Baisakh end in the month of Chaitra. Bikram Sambat is also called Patro. Tithis and Mithis are in the patro too.

The Western calendar is also a solar calendar. A year in the calendar is the time required for the earth to complete one orbit around the sun. The earth takes about 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes and 46 seconds to complete its one orbit around the earth.  That period is counted as a full year.

Eastern Hindu lunar calendar is based on both the sun and the moon; it uses a solar year but divides it into 12 lunar months. A lunar month is precisely 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes and 3 seconds long. Twelve such months constitute a lunar year of 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 36 seconds. To help the lunar months coincide with the solar year, the practice of inserting an intercalary (extra) month arose. Hence an extra month, called the Purushottam month (Adhik Mas), is inserted every 3 years.

Lunar days in the eastern calendar are called “Tithis”. They are calculated using the difference of the longitudinal angle between the position of the sun and moon. Because of this, tithis may vary in length. Consequently, the tithi may or may not have changed by the time the day has changed at sunrise. And that is why we find at certain times a tithi being omitted, and at certain times, two consecutive days sharing the same tithi.

Most of the festivals fall on the lunar calendar and we use Bikram Sambat which is a solar calendar. That is the reason most of the festivals in Nepal do not fall under the same day in Bikram Sambat calendar all the years.

 


Nepali Months

 

Nepali Months 
also Known as

 

 

Corresponding English Months

         

 

                     
                       

1

Baishak

 

Baisak

   

April and May

         

2

Jestha

 

Jeth

   

May and June

         
                       

3

Ashad 

 

Asar

   

June and July

         
                       

4

Shrawan

 

Sawan

   

July and August

         
                       

5

Bhadra 

 

Bhadau

   

August and September

         
                       

6

Ashwin  

 

Ashoj

  

 

September and October

         
                       

7

Kartik

 

Kattik

   

October and November

         
                       

8

Marga

 

Mansir

   

November and December

         
                       

9

Poush 

 

Push

   

December aand January

         
                       

10

Magh  

 

Magh

   

January and Febraury

         
                       

11

Falgun 

 

Fagun 

   

February and March

         
                       

12

Chaitra

 

Chait

   

March and April